story / george
Roatan's Ancient Underwater Secret
John Morris Photographs courtesy of: James "Doc" Radawski
Discoveries Could Change History Books
measuring the ribs of PR-1.
are many shipwrecks in Roatan for diving, most intentionally
sunk and strategically placed for accessibility and minimal
disturbance to the world's second largest barrier reef as
well as additional reef creation. Yet with the island's
pirate and colonial conflict past, the possibility of much
older wrecks is quite intriguing both for marine archeologists
and for treasure hunters. Such was the case in 1968, when
the Oceanograficos de Honduras was granted a permit from
the Honduran government to explore such possibilities in
the waters off Old Port Royal. What they found in the ensuing
5 years of exploration and excavation still to this day
cannot be explained, and if it could be, history books would
have to be rewritten.
fascinating tales of treasure hunting by Mitchell Hedges
and Howard Jennings in and around Old Port Royal are well
documented and even remembered by those in the 80 to 100
year old age group still living in St Helene where both
explorers paid for artifacts during their time here, yet
they were strictly land and shallow water searchers, lacking
the necessary equipment to dive for wrecks. The man who
was to change that arrived on Roatan by accident. After
logging over 15,000 nautical miles exploring both coasts
of Central and South America for sunken treasure laden vessels
on his 56 foot gaff-masted schooner, the Santa Maria, Captain
Michael "Mick" Johnston, was in dire need of some
dry dock repairs. While in Puerto Cortes, he was told that
the only place nearby that could help him was in Oak Ridge
on the island of Roatan, and thus, in 1965, the Santa Maria
arrived in the Bay Islands and never left.
the necessary dry dock repairs needed were taken care of
fairly quickly, the stories Mick heard from the locals sounded
too good to be true and were too good not to investigate.
Sunken galleons and British frigates were right in front
of him and he knew he had to find them. A quick trip back
to the United States to confirm Roatan's colonial history
cemented the deal and thus his unexpected odyssey to find
what he had spent two years searching for began. First and
foremost, to be sure of his safety, Mick knew he had to
get a permit from the Honduran government to begin his search.
Hedges and Jennings had already ruffled enough feathers
and he did not want to take the chance to be seen in the
same light, so he went to Tegucigalpa to learn what had
to be done. It was 1967 and Honduras was under military
rule. Strangely enough, the Ministry of Archeology was under
the Ministry of Education which in turn was under the Ministry
of Defense. Completely understanding the chain of command,
Mick went to the top. Negotiations and agreements were made
with the Honduran government as to the purpose and rules
of this mission, listed below as presented in the paper
submitted by Oceanograficos De Honduras at the 6th International
Conference on Underwater Archeology in Charleston, South
Carolina on January 7th 1975:
It is legally established a scientific mission to perform
marine archaeological work in the country.
2. Specific terms of the contract provide and insure that
the work shall be done in accordance with good marine archaeological
3. A marine archaeological zone is established.
4. All artifacts recovered remain property of the government.
5. Fifty percent of the artifacts recovered are loaned back
to the contracting marine archaeological organization. The
objective of this provision is to provide for the preservation,
study and display of the artifacts.
6. The contractor holds film and publication rights in return
for providing governmental agencies with copies of published
7. The contractors have the concession to create an archaeological
museum in Roatan to display the artifacts discovered.
8. The contractors may loan part of the collection to qualified
foreign institutions with approval of the government.
9. Any material recovered which does not have archaeological
or cultural value will be treated under the existing salvage
laws of the country.
Royal in the early 1970's.
in hand, Mick needed help and posted a want ad back in his home
of southern California for divers to hunt for sunken vessels.
Though he never actually saw the ad, James "Doc" Radawski
heard about the strange and exciting opportunity in the far
away land of Roatan from a friend. Having recently lost his
job and truly sick of the California freeways, he applied and
was accepted. And so his journey began. A DC-3 from Los Angeles
to Mexico City (layover for the night), a DC-3 from Mexico City
to Tegucigalpa (layover for the night), a DC-3 from Tegucigalpa
to San Pedro Sula (layover for the night), a DC-3 from San Pedro
Sula to La Ceiba (landing on a grass field specifically for
The Standard Fruit Company) and finally a DC-3 to Roatan landing
on the beach between houses and palm trees at the site of the
current airport. It was 1970 and as with Mick, Doc's life was
about to change forever. He also never left the island.
were no roads then, just a jeep trail from Coxen Hole to Paul
Adams' nearly completed Anthony's Key Resort, still thriving
to this day. Doc needed to get to Oak Ridge and learned that
the only way was on the "mail boats" that ran every
other day except for Sundays. Unfortunately, the day Doc landed
the mail boats were off duty, so another layover in Coxen Hole.
At 6AM the next day, Doc flagged a boat and got a ride to Oak
Ridge via French Harbor, French Key Settlement and Jonesville.
The final stop was at the Happy Landing Bar in Oak Ridge and
a quick search for Mick. He was not hard to find.
Santa Maria sank in the hurricane of 1969, so Doc only heard
the stories. Prior to his arrival, Mick had secured a floating
base for the mission, a 100 ft converted minesweeper out of
French Harbor, complete with living quarters and laboratories,
aptly named "The Rambler" along with a 30 ft x 18
ft barge on which to launch the explorations. Doc was impressed.
Doc was also quickly caught up on the protocol of the search,
mainly that The Rambler was required to have a Honduran soldier
aboard at all times to be sure rules were followed and that
Howard Jennings, still living on the island, did not like the
Rambler's presence. The Honduran soldiers were changed on the
monthly basis as it was suspected that the newly permitted gringos
would corrupt a particular individual if treasure was found,
and Jennings did his best to disrupt the newest archeological
expedition. It is reported that at one point, when The Rambler
and the associated barge were anchored in the waters in front
of Jennings' land, he promptly came out to ask how long they
intended to stay. Without a satisfactory answer, he returned
to shore only to come back in his speed boat with a large knife
in hand, a .38 pistol in his back pocket and began to cut the
anchor rope. Doc had a picture, but it has been lost in the
years. Needless to say, the expedition gained energy and devotion.
and Doc immediately hit it off and the exploration was in full
swing. They lived and worked aboard the Rambler searching with
only islander stories and a magnetometer, a scientific instrument
used to measure the strength and direction of the magnetic field
associated with iron artifacts in shipwrecks. The team actually
modified the instrument to upgrade it to a prototype gradiometer
which increased the performance and then used the magnometers
in pairs to better locate the wrecks, elimnating small interferences.
Present day gradiometers are considered the most sensitive and
the next three years, their efforts revealed ten wrecks, all
apparently either Spanish or British most likely from the
18th century when battles between the two nations for the
control of Old Port Royal were common. Eight of the wrecks
were unreachable due to the depth of their position, some
as deep as 90 feet. Without the proper recompression equipment
on the island, it was (then) considered too dangerous to go
down that deep risking the bends and possible death. Fortunately
two wrecks laid in 15 feet of water, thanks to the lowering
water levels surrounding the island over the past 200+ years.
And thus, excavation began.
Rambler was outfitted with a dredge pump with capabilities
to handle 4, 6 and 8 inch suction hoses. Unlike most wreck
sites where remains and relics can be scattered over as much
as half a square mile or more, these two wrecks were relatively
intact thanks to the fact that they laid within Roatan's protective
barrier reef with provailing winds and tiny grains of coral
sand acting as a natural preservative. The water conditions
were ideal, clear and warm and without interference of hearsay
treasure hunters due to the isolation of the island. Work
commenced and findings became a daily occurance, some mundane,
some amazing and some literally mind boggling.
1740 and 1780, the British and the Spanish battled for control
of Old Port Royal as it was a major colonial port. It was
easy to get in and out of, had running water year round, could
be easily defended and was a good place to do repairs on ships.
One of the reachable wrecks, named PR4 ( Port Royal Find #4),
looked to be a victim of one of the battles. The wreck was
strongly believed to be British due to piping found on board
and the mast and rudder sheathed in lead, rather than copper,
which was not implemented until after the American Revolution
of 1776. Doc recounts a story, supposedly originating from
Roman times, that a coin was always placed under the main
mast of a ship during its construction as a harbinger of good
luck. The base of the mast on this particular wreck was still
in place and thus the coin should have been there. The mast
was carefully removed but there was no coin. Perhaps that
was the problem - Doc says with a smile.
fascinating as the finds on PR4 were, PR1 proved to be a whole
different animal. Doc describes the discovery as something
out of this world. When the PR1 wreck was initially spotted,
Doc could not believe what he saw. The ribs of a thirty seven
and a half foot wide ship lying quietly on the sand like a
prehistoric dinosaur, perfectly intact in 15 feet of water.
Excavation on this site initially indicated it was of Spanish
origin due to the rudder design. The ship appeared to have
sunk in a non-violent manner, upright and undisturbed. In
the bow, lying like eggs stacked in crates, were over 40 amphorae,
or Spanish olive jars, as if they were still waiting to be
off loaded. It was the largest collection ever discovered
on a shipwreck in recorded history. All were removed and carefully
brought to the surface. One of the first things the team noticed
was that some of the jars had been carefully repaired with
tar. A quick test revealed that none of the ones intact leaked
and that the volume of each of them was 15 liters within 2%
error, an incredible feat, considering their suspected age.
Clearly handmade with a curious maker's mark on the bottom,
a new investigation began. One of the team (now the expedition
was employing a growing number of divers) traveled to Italy
to see if their suspicions were correct, that the mark belonged
to one Nicola da Urbino in the Italian town of Urbino. They
found that, in fact, he did produce fine china, but not amphorae,
from 1476 until 1526. A curious dead end though it is well
known that such marks were copied and reused over the years.
The next step was to have them dated.
shards of the amphoraes were sent to the University of Pennsylvania
for analysis. An infrared spectrophotometer found residue
inside the jars indicating a material to be an ester of wood
rosin , a natural stabilizer additive used to keep oil suspended
in water preserving the oil. The shards were then tested using
a technique called thermoluminescence dating, a method used
to determine the date of firing in ancient ceramics, thus
the age. When the piece is originally fired, all stored energy
is released and the build up of new energy begins again. If
the piece is then reheated to the firing temperature, the
amount of rebuilt energy is again released as light and can
be measured. Accuracy is usually around +/-5%. The actual
test results on the jars were astonishing. The amphoraes excavated
from PR1 wreck site were dated to have been manufactured in
1200AD, 300 years prior to the claimed European discovery
of the Bay Islands by Columbus in the year 1502. The results
were supported by Goggins Classification, a paper published
in 1960 dating ancient ceramics by John Goggin, former professor
of archeology at Yale University. Goggins Classification places
them to the middle age between 500AD and 1500AD. If these
results were absolutely correct, the Oceanograficos de Honduras
had made one of the greatest discoveries in marine archeology
1200AD, the Spanish peninsula, then known as Iberia, was ruled
by Muslims, known a fierce warriors and expert sailors. Were
they crossing the Atlantic and trading with the inhabitants
of Roatan? Were the inhabitants of Roatan an outpost for the
Mayans? Or perhaps the Vikings traveled much further than
their reputed landings in North America. Maybe it was the
Chinese, also reported to have sailed the world long before
Columbus. The possibilities required more investigation and
Doc knew it.
night, Doc was having dinner with his friend, Eric Anderson,
and a girl called BJ whose boyfriend was visiting from Washington
DC. Doc was telling the story of the PR1 finds, and the boyfriend
suggested contacting National Geographic. I wish I could,
replied Doc, but where do you even start? Simple, answered
the boyfriend, I have lunch with the president of the magazine
every Tuesday and I will tell your story. Six months later,
Doc's phone range. He had to be in DC the next morning, National
Geographic wanted to speak with him. And so, he went.
to say, the president of one the most prestigious historical
and archeological magazines was extremely excited and intrigued
by the findings at the wreck of PR1 in Old Port Royal. Grant
papers were presented to Doc, filled out and submitted. The
plan was to spend some time at the two major nautical history
archives in the world: The British Museum in London and the
Archives of the West Indies in Seville, Spain.
the $25,000 grant from National Geographic approved and on
the way, Doc and Mick presented their findings at The 6th
International Conference on Underwater Archaeology in Charleston,
South Carolina on January 7th 1975. There was a buzz of extreme
excitement in the air, but, the buzz was quickly silenced.
reasons that can only be self explained, the project was shut
down and permits revoked. And that was the end. The crew,
including Doc and Mick, dispersed. Most left the island and
few are alive today. No one knows what became of Mick, but
Doc presumes he is dead. As to the location of the wrecks,
well, only one person knows that and though he has been approached
many times to return to the sites, the answer is simple: not
without a permit.
the time, the future plans for the project included another
five years of exploration and excavation. A new 105' ship
had already been purchased after The Rambler had rolled over
and sunk in the 1972 hurricane. Land had been purchased to
create a marine sciences field research station. Groups from
the University of Miami and Northern Illinois University had
already signed up to visit and contribute. All would have
been a tremendous benefit to the island of Roatan not only
for the historic importance but also for the ensuing tourism
trade. Obviously, the time was not right. Perhaps it is now.
on the deck of the Rambler.
story / george
/ local news
______________back to top
Lessons in Democracy by George Crimmin
Power is more important Locke said that Constitutive Power
is the right of the people to establish, alter or abolish
government, as well as spell out to the government's elected
representatives certain God given rights the people possess
that cannot be tampered with, ever! Among the rights listed
were life, liberty and owning property. Thomas Jefferson
must have been a Locke disciple. Locke said this Constitutive
power based as it is on protecting rights we are all born
with, is above legislative power, which can be temporary.
After all, through elections, legislatures come and go,
and through repeal, so do the laws that they pass. But constitutive
power doesn't change unless the government itself is changed.
I would wager that the fathers of the American Revolution
must've thought, this is awesome stuff! They were able to
combine Locke's tenets with their own experience in self-government.
They created a system that checked the "rulers"
in two ways. First, their system insured frequent elections,
so if the rulers pursued policies unpopular with the ruled
(the people), they could be voted out of office quickly.
And second, their system included a constitution and later
a Bill of Rights that enshrined certain constitutive powers.
The Bill of Rights guaranteed certain constitutive powers
or rights in stone. For the common man this is his most
effective weapon against abuse of power by the rulers. Among
the powers granted are the freedoms of speech, to assemble,
and be safe in your homes, to cite some examples. And, if
these rights are violated, the people have the right, and
the power to abolish that government altogether. My reaction
to this was a resounding, yes! The door that historically
had been barred to establishing a government truly based
on popular sovereignty was finally, pardon the expression,
success of the American Revolution set in motion a chain
of events that swept through the Americas - paving the way
for other countries to sever the chains of colonialism -
including the original five Central American Republics of
Guatemala, El Salvador, Honduras, Nicaragua and Costa Rica.
John Locke was centuries ahead of his time. He demonstrated
incredible courage, considering the period in which he lived.
We are told that courage is a result of reasoning; a brave
mind is always impregnable.
During my college, even high school years, I was always
captivated by philosophy - of course there were the great
Greek philosophers, Aristotle, Plato and Socrates, but my
favorite was the English philosopher John Locke. John Locke
was born on August 29, 1632 - a very long time ago, yet
many of his ideas are still relevant today. John Locke believed
in the sovereignty of the people. His convictions and writings
were crucial to the American Revolution. It was Locke who
helped the founding fathers of the revolution turn the myth
of popular sovereignty into reality. Before Locke - and
the American Revolution he guided (through his writings)
- the belief that government rests on the consent of the
governed, or that "the people ruled" or that "power
belongs to the people" (as the popular 1960's slogan
went) was rubbish, or utter nonsense. The people weren't
the rulers; the rulers were the rulers, especially in monarchies
and dictatorships. It wasn't until the founding fathers
of the American independence movement established a government
that granted the people powers, in some cases even higher
than those granted the rulers, that things began to change
and true popular sovereignty was established. And their
inspiration most scholars agree came from Locke's book,
the Second Treatise on Civil Government, which affirmed
that there are two kinds of power that the people possess,
Legislative Power and Constitutive Power. Of the two,
story / george
/ local news
of Commerce By
Board of Directors Elected.
elected uneven Board of Directors that have been elected are: President:
Ana Svoboda; Fiscal: Charles George; Secretario: Edda Borjas; Pro-Secretario:
Darnell Bodden; Vocal I: Gustavo Isnardi; Vocal I Alternate: Elmer
Rene Flores; Vocal III: Mary Monterroso; Vocal III Alternate: Delzie
appointees remaining until 2011 are:
Vice President: Jack Clinton Everett; Pro Secretario: Darnell Bodden;
Pro-Tesorero: Litia Moradel; Fiscal Suplente: Carlos Fernández;
Vocal I Suplente: Elmer René Flores; Vocal II Suplente: Mitch
Cummins; Vocal III Suplente: Delzie Jackson de Rosales; Vocal IV
Suplente: David Bonilla.
in the even category are carried through from the previous year
and will retain their posts through 2010.
conversations with Svoboda, plans for the Chamber include modernizing
the Chamber system, bringing it up to date through a website, Facebook,
and Twitter. I'm a "tweet," she said. "It's the way
of the future."
has plans to modernize the way the Chamber works, from networking
meeting to online presence. The first collective Board meeting will
be held on Thursday, May 27, and will focus on connecting members
with the executive director, Albina Solomon.
in the modern era; things are changing so fast; and we have to let
the world know that we're here," said Svoboda. "It's a
responsibility we have to our members," she said.
have to do this for the members, as everything is exploding."
benefits of membership are to receive training seminars. Svoboda
would like to tap into the resources of the varied and individual
talents of the Chamber. "Maybe they can offer courses,"
she said. She aims to form a Special Events Committee which will
meet every two months for networking.
George, Edda Borjas, Mary Monterroso, Clinton Everett, Ana Sovboda
gather for a photo on election day. Ana gives an interview to Canal
Saturday, May 22, the Chamber of Commerce held its Board of Directors
elections at Plaza Mar. Lic. Ana Svoboda received an unexpected
win by three votes as the prevailing winner on the docket. "I
was out of the country when I was initially approached. I had two
weeks to put together a plan," she said.
is no stranger to public service or public relations and is currently
operating G&S Industries, S.A., business with her husband. She
has been a driving factor in public relations and networking on
the Bay Islands, particularly in her new role as PR Director in
the newly formed Rotary Club of Roatan. She is a member of G&S
Industries S.A.-General Construction Co.; Roatan REALTOR-Island
Properties; and Members of the National Association of Realtors;
Honduras Chamber of Real Estate-CANABIRH Board of Directors; Bay
Islands Chamber of Real Estate-CANABIRH/RRA Board of Directors;
Bay Islands Chamber of Commerce Board of Directors; Member of Bay
Islands Chamber of Tourism Board of Directors; Member of The Rotary
Club of Roatan Member of Immaculate Heart of Mary Catholic Parish-Roatan;
Christmas Concert for the Angels; Roatan Animal Rescue; Member of
Roatan Women's Club; and The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York.
energy prices climb By
Jennifer Mathews Photograph by Benjamin Roberts
Do Attempts to Rectify Tariffs
Committee was to arrive at RECO on Monday the 24th, but due
to inclement weather in Tegucigalpa, they arrived too late
to evaluate RECO, but did hold a public hearing at the Roatan
municipal building, along with public officials and leaders
of the Patronado. The committee received grievances from the
public and gave explanations about the upcoming procedures.
As there were rumors of street demonstrations in los Fuertes
the next morning when the commission was to visit RECO, Galindo
made clear that people were welcome to vent complaints in
a peaceful manner, but that anyone who took to the streets
would be incarcerated. Given the threats that the cruise ships
made last year about pulling out of the island Roatan stands
to lose a massive amount of tourism dollars over any potential
conflicts. According to Silvestri, the commission's full report
should be completed by the 28th.
Silvestri is trying to push through the 150 subsidy before
the next bill. This means that 45% of their customer base
is eligible for the subsidy as they use less than 150 kwh
(really 35%, take away the 0-10 range for vacation houses).
The way this would work is that Zolitur would hold two months
worth of the subsidy, and the central government would replenish
the money allocated by Zolitur. "We have been fighting
for this for two years and currently have an application in
with Zolitur," said Warren. "It's taken us 2 years
to convince the government that they would be giving money
to a public utility, not a private entity." Romeo feels
confident this will go through in July, if not before the
session on the 10th, then by the end of July.
asked why the islands have been ignored, Romeo responded,
"I'm the first one who's really working on it!"
Within three weeks of being sworn in as Diputado, the issue
was on Silvestri's agenda. In Tegucigalpa, where we interviewed
Romeo, he responded that he felt the environment very positive
and that congress is very receptive.
of May 21, RECO had only collected 1/3 of billings so far
for the month of May. They were required to collect 2/3 by
the 28th, just seven days later, and ultimately all the meters
must be read by Sunday the 29th or risk being shut down.
check and maintain RECO services on May 21
In the month of May, RECO customers saw a increase in their
bills, which lead to high tensions and talk of dissent in
the streets. Roatan mayor Julio Galindo appeared on television
Channels 27, 7, and 9 on May 13, to assure the people of Roatan
that he and Bay Islands Diputado Romeo Silvestri were working
hard to find a solution to their grievances. He asked the
constituents to wait until he returned from Tegucigalpa with
a "positive outcome." While some misunderstood the
message to mean that they should not pay their bills, Galindo
reappeared on TV on the 16th, clarifying that bills would
be due, but that RECO had agreed to grant a 10-day grace period
before turning off people's lights. According to Richard Warren,
president of RECO, the 10-day grace period began the day Galindo
and Silvestri left for the capital, on the 18th. "We
were happy to give it," he reported. "We want this
thing to be resolved in the best way just as badly as everyone
to Warren, by law, RECO must submit a new tariff every five
years. This is submitted to the Commission on Energy to review
and approve a new rate for the utility company. It has been
almost 15 years since a review and new rate approval has been
done, the last review carried out in 1996.
and Silvestri met with the president of ENEE, Secretary of
Internal Affairs, Vice Minister of SERNA, Chief of Staff at
the Presidential Palace, Vice President, and the President
of the Commission of Energy, among others. A multidisciplinary
committee was formed to visit Roatan for the purpose of evaluating
RECO's tariffs, confirming financial proposals, and holding
story / george
Learning Comes to Roatan By
John Morris Illustrated by Barbara Morris
Transformation for One of Roatans Oldest Resorts
cruise ships the king of tourism in the future, Mayor Julio Galindo
wants more taxi drivers to speak English, as well as have an increased
level of tourism skills. With construction starting again, contractors
need skilled workers to ensure quality.
and most importantly, The Ministry of Education in Tegucigalpa has
asked for PIER's help in educating teachers for both the mainland
and Roatan. The project is back on. With a little hard work, Ted
and Cam believe they can raise the money to fund the project along
with the help of the community businesses who desperately need skilled
labor. The only problem was, where to put the school?
25 years, the Bay Island Beach Resort was barely breaking even.
Ted and Cam had always planned to eventually sell the resort and
"retire". Having already missed the real estate crest,
the decision was simple. The resort would be closed and the school
moved in. And so on February 1st , the resort closed its doors and
plans for the school accelerated. Plans for education include plumbing,
electrical installation and repair, carpentry, diesel engine mechanics
and a cooking school. Some will be taught at the resort, some will
learn at the island's actual businesses which will then have the
first shot at employing the students. The school will have several
levels of skill that can be obtained, if so desired. In other words,
a student may stop after level one is accomplished or may continue
all the way to level five to then be considered a master of the
profession. When asked the criteria for a student who wants to enroll,
the simple answer was "desire."
recently met with several other NGO's on the island in an effort
to create a consortium to avoid overlap in efforts to find and import
necessary supplies and assist each other, which, though still in
its infancy is a real possibility. One thing is for sure, Ted and
Cam have never been so busy and so appreciated.
E-Leanring Center in Sandy Bay
five years ago, Ted and Cam O'Brien bought 44 acres of beach front
property which included one of the oldest houses on the island,
the Casa Blanca. Their dream of opening a resort was realized in
the Bay Islands Beach Resort, which thrived and made memories for
so many visitors over the years. What became evident to Ted and
Cam was the lack of Hondurans in higher positions of responsibility
in the resorts on the island and though they tried to change this
in their own employment structure, it quickly became clear that
most potential managers lacked the educational skills necessary
"to move up the ladder." With Cam's past experience in
education, Ted and Cam decided to change that and continue to this
day with the newest project for the education of Hondurans on the
island, a vocational school.
those who have been on the island for some time, most know the previous
work that Ted and Cam have done for the education system on Roatan.
For the past five years, they have formed PIER (Partners In Education
Roatan- a Honduran NGO which has certified 510c3 status in the USA),
which now operates two e-learning centers in Sandy Bay and French
supplements all facets of education, from reading to math thanks
to a generous donation from Learning Today out of Plantation, Florida.
They provided a specialized computer software that automatically
adjusts learning programs according to the student's current level
of learning. The programs have been so successful, that there has
been a 10-15% improvement in grades for participating students and
there is now a waiting list for the Sandy Bay location.
tourism and investment on the rise in Roatan, the need for skilled
positions such as plumbers, carpenters and electricians was growing
and once again Ted and Cam stepped in. Prior to the economic and
government problems, the project to start the vocational school
was on the verge of receiving a 1.5 million dollar grant from the
EU. Unfortunately, due to a variety of problems, the grant was lost.
However, all this has changed with the new government.